Northwest Horticultural Council
Population: 49,059,221 (July 2022 est.)
Currency: Colombian Peso
Official Language(s): Spanish
Please click on the above link for a list of Codex chemical MRLs.
II. CHEMICALS AND ADDITIVE INFORMATION
A. Chemical residue standards:
Colombia defers to maximum residue levels established by the Codex Alimentarius Commission.
B. Monitoring chemical residues:
Colombia does not actively monitor chemical residues on imported fruit.
C. Restrictions on use of waxes:
This aspect has not been considered in the local regulations. The pattern usually is to accept U.S. standards.
III. ORGANIC FRUIT REGULATIONS
Apple, pear, and cherry imports from the United States are assessed no tariff.
V. NON-TARIFF BARRIERS
A. Labeling requirements:
Labels on packages or cartons must be in Spanish and state the following information:
1. Product name e.g., apples.
2. Net content.
3. Name and address of packer or importer
4. Country of Origin.
5. Lot identification.
6. Expiration date or minimum useful life.
7. Conditions for product storage.
Spanish language stickers may be applied by the importer.
B. Licenses and quotas:
C. Currency Issues:
D. Pest and plant disease restrictions:
A phytosanitary certificate and import permit are required. A phytosanitary permit will not be issued unless an import permit is presented. The import permit issuance date must be prior to the date of the phytosanitary certificate.
All fruit must be certified in accordance with the work plan. Fruit must be free from certain tropical fruit flies which do not occure in the states of Idaho, Oregon, or Washington. Rhagoletis spp. including apple maggot (Rhagoletis pomonella); Cydia spp. (fruit moths), including codling moth (Cydia pomonella); and San Jose scale (Quadraspidiosus perniciosus). For Cydia pomonella and Quadraspidiotus perniciosus intensified inspection is required with at least 2% of all boxes in each lot inspected for pests; 1% of the fruit in those boxes must be cut and inspected for possible infestation.
Colombia maintains a zero-tolerance for leaves for all fruit imports.
Since 1993 codling moth has been detected in apple shipments to Colombia on a number of occasions. According to USDA representatives in that country, when detection of codling moth occurs the shipments must be re-exported as Colombian plant quarantine officials are not authorized to have the product fumigated and released for consumption. Shippers should take all reasonable precautions to avoid sending codling moth infested fruit to Colombia.
E. Solid Wood Packing Material (SWPM) Regulations:
Please refer to the SWPM section of the NHC’s Technical Bulletins and Industry Advice.
VI. MARKETING REPRESENTATIVES FOR PACIFIC NORTHWEST TREE FRUIT INDUSTRY:
Washington Apple Commission:
Pear Bureau Northwest:
Grupo PM S.A. de C.V.
Voice: +52 777 316 7370
Fax: +52 777 316 7369
VII. OTHER RESOURCE LINKS:
- The World Factbook (Central Intelligence Agency)
- Colombia (U.S. Commercial Service/Department of Commerce)
- U.S. Embassy
VIII. ADDITIONAL COMMENTS
The United States-Columbia Trade Promotion Agreement entered into force on May 15, 2012.