Northwest Horticultural Council
Official Language(s): Thai
Please click on the above link for a list of chemical MRLs.
II. CHEMICALS AND ADDITIVE INFORMATION
A. Chemical residue standards:
Thailand has a limited MRL standard for apples, pears, and/or cherries. If a chemical does not have an established MRL and is not included in the hazardous substance Category 4 list, Thailand will accept Codex’s MRLs. Glyphosate, Paraquat, and chlorpyrifos are currently included on the Category 4 list, and therefore a zero-tolerance level is maintained.
B. Monitoring chemical residues:
Thai FDA officials conduct regular screening of incoming fresh fruit shipments for pesticide residues.
C. Restrictions on use of waxes:
III. ORGANIC FRUIT REGULATIONS
Apples: 10% ad valorem
Pears: 30% ad valorem
Cherries: 40% ad valorem
As a result of the ASEAN-China Free Trade Area, Thailand and China have reduced their respective import duties on fresh fruits and vegetables to zero.
Thailand and Australia negotiated a free trade agreement (FTA) in October 2003. Under this FTA, Thailand provided Australian apples and pears duty-free access.
V. NON-TARIFF BARRIERS
A. Labeling requirements:
The following information must appear in English on the packed carton of fruit:
- Product or produce of the state or country of origin
- Name of fruit (common name)
- Name of packinghouse/shipper
- Production unit code (PUC)/grower lot number
“EXPORT TO THAILAND” must appear on each carton that is exported loose. Placards that state “EXPORT TO THAILAND” may be used if the shipment is palletized and must appear on all four sides of the pallet.
Food Safety labeling requirements (sticker)*:
Work with your importer for the following information and format that must be stickered on each carton. The information must appear in Thai and may also appear in English.
- Importer name and address shall be displayed with the text “Importer” or “Imported by”.
- Name of the country of origin.
- Registration number of the importer premise. Display this number in no less than 2mm in height located in a rectangle or square frames. The font must contrast with the background color.
- Any coding or symbol that indicates the production batch or lot.
* To view the Thai Ministry of Health notification, see the link in Section E. for the Thai Ministerial Notification No. 386 B.D. 2560 (2017).
B. Licenses and quotas:
C. Currency Issues:
D. Pest and plant disease restrictions:
November 7, 2019 Thailand’s Department of Agriculture (DOA) implemented new import protocols for apples, pears, and cherries. An import permit and phytosanitary certificate are required. The phytosanitary certificate number must appear on the shipping documents.
Packed cartons of fruit must be free from plant materials, e.g. leaves, plant debris, etc.
Carton marks, including “EXPORT TO THAILAND” marks or placard, are required. (See section A “Labeling Requirements” above.)
Ocean shipping containers must be sealed. The seal number must be endorsed on the phytosanitary certificate or shipping documents.
Background: In 2008, the Government of Thailand approved legislation requiring DOA to conduct a pest risk analysis (PRA) for fruit imports from all countries; and, that new, standardized protocols be adopted. In 2018, the PRA process for the United States was conducted and new protocols negotiated. (Previously, only a Federal Phytosanitary Certificate was required for export).
Contact the Northwest Horticultural Council office for a copy of the export protocol.
E. Other Requirements:
August 1, 2019, the Thailand Food and Drug Administration (TFDA) implemented food safety regulations for production processes, production equipment, storage, and labeling. The following U.S. packinghouse standards were confirmed by TFDA November 11, 2019, to comply with the Thai Ministerial Notification No. 386 B.E. 2560 (2017):
- USDA Agricultural Practices and Good Handling Practices Audit Verification Program for Fruit and Vegetables;
- GlobalG.A.P.’s Integrated Farm Assurance Program for Fruits and Vegetables;
- The Safe Quality Food (SQF) Institute’s HACCP-Based Supplier Assurance Code for Food Industry;
- BRC Global Standards for Food Safety (Issue 7);
- Primus FGS Version 2.1-2c or Version 3
The five standard certifications above are in addition to those listed in the original notification: GMP, HACCP, ISO 2000, International Food Standards (IFS), Primus GFS Standard, and GlobalG.A.P.A valid food safety certificate must be shown at the TFDA checkpoint. TFDA prefers an original certificate but will accept a copy that is verified by a Notary Public or U.S. State Department entities, e.g. U.S. Embassy.
The certificate will be returned to the importer and may be used for subsequent shipments until the certificate is invalid.
Shipments made using a trading house/broker invoice should document the name of the certified packer on the invoice or packing list. For additional information, contact the Northwest Horticultural Council at (509) 453-3193.
For more information regarding food safety labeling requirements see Section A “Labeling Requirements” above.
Notification of the Ministry of Public Health (No. 295) B.E. 2548 (2005)
Re: Qualities or standards for a container made from plastic
Plastics in the form of sheets or bags which are used as food containers must not be made from used plastic and must not have coloring except for: a) laminated plastic, only the layer that’s not in direct contact with the food; and b) plastic which is used for packing shelled fruits, e.g. oranges.
This notification was enacted in 2006 and the Foreign Agricultural Service has “not seen any issues arise because of it.” Any colored label on a plastic container, e.g. bag, must only occur on the outside of the container. The label must be on the outside of the container only so that it does not come into contact with the fruit.
VI. MARKETING REPRESENTATIVES FOR PACIFIC NORTHWEST TREE FRUIT INDUSTRY:
Washington Apple Commission:
Success Marketing Co., Ltd.
Northwest Cherry Growers/Washington State Fruit Commission:
PT & Tatch Ltd.