Northwest Horticultural Council
Please click on the above link for a list of chemical MRLs.
II. CHEMICALS AND ADDITIVE INFORMATION
A. Chemical residue standards:
Indonesia maintains a national MRL list. Indonesia does not apply a default MRL.
B. Monitoring chemical residues:
Apple shipments will be sampled on arrival to ensure conformity with Indonesia’s chemical residue levels.
C. Restrictions on use of waxes:
III. ORGANIC FRUIT REGULATIONS
A 10% value-added tax is also assessed.
V. NON-TARIFF BARRIERS
A. Labeling requirements:
Indonesia requires that shipping cartons be labeled with the following:
Cartons must also be labeled in Bahasa Indonesia with:
• Product name and/or brand
• Product net weight or amount
• Name and address of producer and or exporter
• Name and address of importer
Importers are allowed to place stickers on cartons to bring them into compliance with any Indonesian language labeling requirements.
B. Licenses and quotas:
Indonesia maintains a complex and trade-restrictive system for obtaining permission to import horticultural products. Apples are subject to these trade requirements. Pears and cherries are not.
In order to obtain an Import Permit (SPI) an importer must:
1. Be designated as a Registered Importer of Horticultural Products by the Ministry of Trade.
2. Provide the Ministry of Trade a Recommendation to Import Horticultural Products (RIPH) from the Ministry of Agriculture.
To obtain an RIPH (valid for the calendar year in which they are issued) importers must pay a fee and apply online. The NHC has been told that importers are requesting the following from their suppliers in the United States in order to submit the RIPH application:
1. Port of loading
2. Packinghouse registration number
3. Certificate of Good Handling Practice
3. Orchard/business area registration information or a certificate of Good Agricultural Practices
4. A statement from the exporter stating production capacity of their farm
This information must be translated into Indonesian language by a sworn translator.
Importers can apply for an RIPH at any time throughout the year. Applications for the next year can be made starting in November of the current year. The RIPH and SPI are to be issued on a rolling basis throughout the year.
C. Packaging Requirements for apples:
– Shipping cartons must have a recycle logo on them.
– Packaging in direct contact with food must use materials permitted for food.
Compliance with the above must be proven by providing either a certificate of test results published by a competent testing laboratory and approved by local government;
A letter of statement from importer which states that the packaging used is in accordance with regulating legislation for fresh horticultural products.
D. Surveyor Requirement:
Indonesia requires that SGS North America Inc. verify in the port of departure for apple shipments:
1. Country and port of origin
2. Tariff post or HS number and product description
3. Type and volume
4. Date of shipping
5. Port of destination
6. Inclusion of Food Grade Logo and Recycling Code on packaging
7. Phytosanitary Certificate
8. Certificate of Origin
9. Food grade packaging test result certification or letter of statement from importer that packaging used is in accordance with the regulating legislation
The surveyor fee is paid in Indonesia.
E. Currency Issues:
F. Pest and plant disease restrictions:
A phytosanitary certificate (PC) is required.
Indonesia has identified numerous species of fruit flies as pests of concern for apples, pears, and cherries. Two that are present in some production areas in the Pacific Northwest are Black cherry fruitfly (Rhagoletis fausta) and apple maggot (Rhagoletis pomonella).
Apples and pears must be cold treated as a result of Indonesia’s concern regarding fruit flies. The stated cold treatment regime is 2º C to 3º C for 16-20 days.
“The cold treatment is conducted during in-transit and monitored by time and temperature recorder(s) in order to meet the requirement of IAQA.”
“The cold treatment requirement may also be met while product is stored in the U.S. APHIS cooperators will review cold treatment records to ensure compliance.
“For air shipments, cherries will need to be fumigated with methyl bromide.
The NHC questions these requirements and is working with USDA to get Indonesia to change its regulations.
G. Other trade restrictions:
Ports of Entry: On June 19, 2012, the Indonesian Agriculture Ministry granted horticultural products from the United States, Canada, and Australia access to Indonesia through the Port of Tanjung Priok in Jakarta. Such access is an exception to Decree 89 that restricts the entry of horticultural products into Indonesia through the following ports: 1) Port of Tanjung Perak, Surabaya; 2) Port of Belawan, Medan; 3) Soekarno-Hatta Airport, Jakarta; and, 4) Port of Makassar. This exception to Decree 89 is granted as a result of Indonesia’s recognition of the food safety system in the United States.
Prior Notice Form: Exporters are now required to submit a Prior Notice Form before the shipment arrives in Indonesia. This form may be found online at https://notice.karantina.pertanian.go.id/.
Halal Certification: Indonesia is in the process of implementing Halal certification requirements on domestic and imported products. Indonesia’s Ministry of Religious Affairs issued regulation 748/2021 updating the list of products for which Halal certification will be required, including fresh whole fruit where the “surface is treated.” The entire list can be viewed here.
Under the new laws, Halal products must come from fully dedicated and segregated Halal supply chains. There will also be new labeling requirements forthcoming for Halal and non-Halal products.
The new Halal requirements will be enforced starting October 17, 2024.
The NHC continues to work with USDA FAS to get additional details on these regulations and will provide updates as they become available.
Solid Wood Packaging Material (SWPM) Regulations: Effective September 1, 2009, new SWPM regulations must be complied with. Please refer to the SWPM section of the NHC Technical Bulletins and Industry Advice.
Radiation Certificate: A radiation compliance certificate is required.
Country of Origin Certificate: A country of origin certificate is required.
VI. MARKETING REPRESENTATIVES FOR PACIFIC NORTHWEST TREE FRUIT INDUSTRY
Pear Bureau Northwest/Washington Apple Commission:
PEKA CONSULT INC.
VII. OTHER RESOURCE LINKS:
- USDA Foreign Agricultural Service Field Office
- The World Factbook (Central Intelligence Agency)
- Indonesia (U.S. Commercial Service/Department of Commerce)
- U.S. Embassy
VIII. ADDITIONAL COMMENTS
Special thanks to
FAS Field Office – Indonesia