Northwest Horticultural Council
Population: 1,910,000 (July 2022 est.)
Currency: Pound sterling
Official Language(s): English
Northern Ireland will follow the European Union MRLs.
Click on the above link for a list of chemical MRLs.
For more details, see EU page here.
A. Chemical residue standards:
Northern Ireland applies maximum residue levels (MRLs) as established by the EU as well as setting its own standards for chemicals not registereed by the EU.
Details on regulations relating to MRLs in Northern Ireland are available here.
B. Monitoring chemical residues:
The United Kingdom actively monitors pesticide levels.
C. Restrictions on use of waxes:
Northern Ireland, under EU rules, permits the use of white beeswax, yellow beeswax, candelilla wax, carnauba wax, and shellac on apples and pears (EC Directive 95/2/EC).
Morpholine is not allowed for use as an additive to waxes or other food coatings. There is active enforcement of this prohibition.
III. ORGANIC FRUIT REGULATIONS
As of January 1, 2021, the United States has an equivalence agreement with the UK (including Northern Ireland). Organic products certified to either USDA or UK organic standards may be labelled and sold as organic if they meet the terms of the agreement. More information from USDA on this agreement is available here.
Apple, pear, and cherry imports to Northern Ireland are subject to the EU’s tariff schedule and entry price system. Please refer to the EU country page for additional information.
V. NON-TARIFF BARRIERS
A. Labeling requirements:
The following information from the Horticultural Marketing Inspectorate (HMI) should be printed on the carton end panel.
1. Identification – The name and address of the packer and/or shipper. HMI indicated that current industry practice of printing the city, state and zip code of the packer and/or shipper is considered a minimum requirement. Industry was urged to also include the street address on the carton.
2. Nature of produce – Product name if the contents are not visible from the outside. The name of the variety is also required for apples and pears. It is optional for cherries.
3. Origin of produce – Country of origin.
4. Commercial specifications – The quality may be indicated by specifying Category 1, Cat. 1, Class 1 or Class I or Category/Cat./Class 2 or II as appropriate. Given the possibility that other EU member countries may interpret the regulation in a different manner the NHC recommends that industry print Class I (or other appropriate Class) on each carton. The size, or for fruit packed in layers the numbers of units, must also be specified.
EU labeling requirements apply. Please refer to the EU country page for additional information
B. Licenses and quotas:
EU licensing/quota regulations, if any, apply. Please refer to the EU country page for additional information
C. Currency Issues:
D. Pest and plant disease restrictions:
EU member countries are required to inspect 100% of imported consignments of fresh plant products upon arrival unless the consignments qualify for reduced inspection levels.
100% of the pear consignments imported from the U.S. must be inspected.
35% of the U.S. cherry consignments must be inspected. Each EU Member State may inspect between 35 and 100 percent of cherry consignments imported from the U.S.
15% of the U.S. apple consignments must be inspected. Each EU Member State may inspect between 15 and 100 percent of the apple consignments imported from the U.S.
Harmonized EU-wide plant health regulations are in place. Please refer to the EU chapter for specific restrictions which apply to all EU member countries.
E. Other trade restrictions:
Apples, pears, and cherries are subject to European Community Marketing Standards. They are required to have a valid certificate of conformity prior to release into trade. The United Kingdom has established a system (called PEACH) to enable importers to notify inspection authorities of shipment arrival. More information is available online at: http://ehmipeach.defra.gov.uk
VI. MARKETING REPRESENTATIVES FOR PACIFIC NORTHWEST TREE FRUIT INDUSTRY:
Washington Apple Commission:
Northwest Cherry Growers/Washington State Fruit Commission:
Voice: 011 44-1727-862074
VII. OTHER RESOURCE LINKS:
- United Kingdom (U.S. Commercial Service/Department of Commerce)
- The World Factbook (Central Intelligence Agency)
- U.S. Embassy