Northwest Horticultural Council
Thailand Implements New Import Requirements for Apples, Pears, and Cherries
October 30, 2019
Current Situation: Thailand’s Department of Agriculture (DOA) will implement new trade protocols for apples, pears, and cherries effective November 7, 2019. The new protocols require, in part, import permits, carton/pallet marks, and fruit packed “free from” leaves.
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) and DOA have assured the Northwest Horticultural Council (NHC) that fruit exports will continue through the transition to the new protocol. Shippers using the Phytosanitary Certificate Issuance & Tracking (PCIT) system are advised to consult the Phytosanitary Export Database (PExD) for the new phytosanitary regulations. PExD was updated October 30, 2019, with the new export requirements.
Background: In 2008, the Government of Thailand approved legislation that required DOA to conduct a pest risk analysis (PRA) for fruit imports from all countries; and, that new, standardized protocols be adopted. In 2018, the pest risk analysis process for the United States (U.S.) was conducted and new protocols negotiated.
The only requirement to export apples, pears, and cherries to Thailand under DOA’s old protocol was to be accompanied by a Federal Phytosanitary Certificate. The following are some of the more noteworthy requirements* to be enacted:
- An import permit is required
- Registration of orchards (orchard lists to be maintained by the packing facility)
- Registration of packing facilities (packing facility lists to be maintained by the states departments of agriculture)
- Growers must implement good agricultural practices and maintain pesticide treatment activities
- “Fruit must be packed…free from soil, sand and contaminating plant material, e.g. leaves, twigs, plant debris or other potential carriers of quarantine pests.” (emphasis added)
- Carton marks “EXPORT TO THAILAND” must appear on each carton; or, if palletized, “EXPORT TO THAILAND” must appear on all four sides of the pallet.
- New phytosanitary certificate Additional Declarations are required
- The shipping container must be sealed and the seal number must appear on either the phytosanitary certificate or shipping documents. The phytosanitary certificate number is required to appear on the shipping documents.
- If any live or dead stage(s) of a quarantine fruit fly (tropical) is found, the infested consignment must be either re-exported or destroyed at the importer’s expense. DOA shall immediately suspend importation and notify the NPPO of the interception. (emphasis added to highlight the point that Pacific Northwest apple, pear, and cherry exports could be suspended for a quarantine fruit fly interception from California.)
*Growers and packers might be required by state departments of agriculture to attest to protocol compliance when requesting phytosanitary certification.
Contact: For more information contact the Northwest Horticultural Council at (509) 453-3193.