Northwest Horticultural Council
Taiwan Increases Pesticide MRL Inspections
Current Situation: Current Situation: Taiwan Food and Drug Administration (TFDA) has increased pesticide MRL inspection of U.S. apple imports to 20-50 percent of shipments (as of March 15, 2021). There have been a total of seven non-compliance pesticide residue violations within the past six months, and a total of 11 violations since April 2019. Shippers are advised to be vigilant with product bound for Taiwan during this period.
The most recent violation (April 27, 2021) was for the fungicide, Penthiopyrad (Fontelis), for which there is no current MRL established in Taiwan. Previously, there were three non-compliance violations for the insecticide cyantraniliprole (Exirel) (no established MRL) and three for the fungicide pyrimethanil (Penbotec) (MRL = 7 ppm) since December 2020. There were an additional four non-compliance violations with pyrimethanil between April 2019 and March of 2020.
Although the higher rate of residue testing was established for an original observation period of six months to end on September 14, 2021, the rate of inspection for residue testing will potentially be held at the 20-50 percent rate for a full six-month period following the last date of the last non-compliance violation. Staff at the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service are confirming how long the observation period will last.
If any importer importing a product under the same HS code from the same origin has further detections, the Taiwanese FDA will increase the rate again to 100percent of that importer’s shipments. This is now the case for one importer.
If no further detections are made during the observation period, TFDA will revert to the standard testing rate of 2-10 percent. If violations are found, TFDA will increase inspections to 100 percent. The Northwest Horticultural Council has received confirmation of the change in inspection levels from the American Institute of Taiwan (AIT).
There are no Taiwan MRLs for Cyantraniliprole or Penthiopyrad and therefore the default MRL is 0.01 ppm.
Contact: If you have any questions, please contact Northwest Horticultural Council vice president for scientific affairs, David Epstein, at 509-654-3713.