Northwest Horticultural Council
Currency: New Taiwan Dollar
Official Language(s): Mandarin Chinese
Please click on the above link for a list of chemical MRLs.
Taiwan has included cherries, along with apples and pears, as part of the “pome” crop classification for pesticide residues limits.
II. CHEMICALS AND ADDITIVE INFORMATION
A. Chemical residue standards:
Taiwan sets its own maximum residue levels. Newer chemical compounds registered for use in the U.S. may not yet have an MRL in Taiwan. Provisional MRLs, based on U.S. MRLs, have been established for certain crops if a chemical’s registrant submitted a data package to Taiwan by October of 2000. Please see MRL table in Section I above for specific chemical information. Since this situation is not yet fully resolved, read table and footnotes carefully realizing that changes can occur and they are sometimes imperfectly communicated to Taiwan’s trading partners.
B. Monitoring chemical residues:
The Taiwan authorities monitor chemical residues on imported fruits, including apples, pears and cherries. Samples are tested using multiple residue analysis for approximately 200 chemicals.
Imports of fruit and vegetables are subject to inspections for compliance with Taiwan’s pesticide, food safety and labeling requirements at port of entry. Each fruit shipment will have 2-10% chance of being sampled and tested upon arrival. Shipments are released for sale after the retrieval of samples and a document review. Noncompliance with Taiwan’s pesticide standards results in the recall of the unconsumed shipment product.
Following the first violation for an importer, the rate of inspection increases to 20-50%. If the same company violates the pesticide standard a second time, then all shipments imported by this company will be subject to testing. Release of these shipments is not permitted until testing is completed.
An importer may qualify for a reduced inspection rate if there are no additional violations following the testing of five consecutive shipments totaling three times the volume of the previous shipment(s) that violated the regulations.
C. Restrictions on use of waxes:
None, but authorities reserve the right to inspect fruit for the use of wax.
III. ORGANIC FRUIT REGULATIONS
USDA’s National Organic Program (NOP) is recognized by Taiwan as being equivalent to its organic standards.
USDA certified organic products exported to Taiwan must be accompanied by an organic transaction certificate (TM-11) that verifies that the product complies with the terms of the U.S.-Taiwan export arrangements. A list of certifying agents approved to issue TM-11 export certificates may be found at http://bit.ly/tm11acas.
Oriental pears are subject to a tariff rate quota with an in-quota duty of 18 percent.
The tariff is CIF and initially assessed on the basis of a reference price. Periodically, the government of Taiwan establishes a Transaction Price (TP). The TP is used to determine the duty due from Taiwan importers for fruit shipped during the timeframe immediately preceding the TP determination.
Any difference between the reference price and the TP will result in either an additional duty assessment or duty rebate from Customs to the importers.
In addition to the tariffs, a 0.3 percent harbor construction fee is required for all imported and exported goods.
V. NON-TARIFF BARRIERS
A. Labeling requirements:
Product name, grade, size, weight and origin should be displayed on cartons.
B. Licenses and quotas:
Import permits are required for apples. Permits are available to every importer who applies for them, but permits are only valid for six months.
C. Currency Issues:
Foreign exchange is regulated by Central Bank, but controls should not affect normal commercial transactions.
D. Pest and plant disease restrictions:
Apples inspected and certified under the “Systems Approach Work Plan for the Exportation of Apples From the United States to Taiwan (2008)” are eligible for export to that country. Packers are urged to select lots for export to Taiwan that are at low risk for detection of live larvae. These selections are best made through consultation with packinghouse field staff and/or the grower’s licensed pesticide consultant.
As specified in the work plan, three “strikes” (detections) results in the immediate suspension of the U.S. apple export program to Taiwan.
For a copy of the document needed to log packing house inspections, click on this document link. For a copy of the forms necessary to record the results of on-tree or field bin sampling, click on this document link.
Apple shipments from all U.S. growers and packinghouses are subject to stringent inspection upon arrival.
A phytosanitary certificate is required.
Apples and pears: must be free from Cydia pomonella (codling moth), Conotrachelus nenuphar (plum curculio), Erwinia amylovora (fireblight), Frankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) and Rhagoletis pomonella (apple maggot).
On August 7, 2008 USDA/APHIS issued inspection guidelines concerning fruit decay in apples destined for export to Taiwan. Contact your local state inspection service official for more information.
Cherries, peaches and nectarines: must be free from codling moth, plum curculio, fireblight, western flower thrips and Anarsia lineatella (peach twig borer).
Shipments transiting third counties or districts with quarantine concerns: Strict regulations apply to shipments that transit Vancouver, B.C. or other third countries en route to Taiwan. However, if a cargo is loaded in the U.S. and transits a third country en route to Taiwan but never leaves the aircraft or vessel in which it was originally loaded, the third country transit regulations do not apply.
Phytosanitary Inspection Level in Taiwan: Upon arrival in Taiwan, ocean containers selected for inspection are inspected at the rate of six or more cartons per 1,000 cartons. All the fruit in a carton is looked at. Two percent of the cartons in the first 100 cartons are inspected; out of each additional 100 cartons, one carton is inspected.
A minimum of three containers will be inspected on consignments of 10 containers or less. For every additional 10 containers in a consignment, at least one more container will inspected.
E. Trademark Registry:
To protect and register a U.S. trademark in Taiwan, firms must work through Taiwan’s Trademark Office. Contact the Agricultural Trade Office for assistance.
F. Solid Wood Packaging Material (SWPM) Regulations:
Taiwan requires ISPM 15 SWPM regulations.
Please refer to the SWPM section of the NHC’s Technical Bulletins and Industry Advice.
VI. MARKETING REPRESENTATIVES FOR PACIFIC NORTHWEST TREE FRUIT INDUSTRY:
Washington Apple Commission:
Steve Chu/Tony Hung
Voice: 011 886 2 2726 1939
Fax: 011 886 2 2726 1815
Pear Bureau Northwest:
Steven Chu & Assoc. Co. Ltd.
Voice: 011-886 2-2726-1939
Fax: 011-886 2-2726-1815
Northwest Cherry Growers:
Ling Ling Wang
LL & Wang Ltd.
VII. OTHER RESOURCE LINKS:
- American Institute in Taiwan
- Taiwan (U.S. Commercial Service/Department of Commerce)
- The World Factbook (Central Intelligence Agency)
VIII. ADDITIONAL COMMENTS
Taiwan became the 144th WTO member on January 1, 2002.