Northwest Horticultural Council
Official Language(s): Spanish
Please click on the above link for a list of chemical MRLs.
II. CHEMICALS AND ADDITIVE INFORMATION
A. Chemical residue standards:
Mexico maintains a national list of maximum residue limits (MRLs) for pesticides. However, the status of the national MRL regulation is unclear. In practice, it is understood that Mexico accepts U.S. MRLs for products imported from the U.S. Mexico does not use a default MRL.
B. Monitoring chemical residues:
A small monitoring pilot program with laboratory testing conducted by Senasica was initiated in December 2011. Program details are not available.
C. Restrictions on use of waxes:
III. ORGANIC FRUIT REGULATIONS
Mexico has established requirements governing the certification and labeling of organic foods. On May 8, 2015, the Secretariat of Agriculture, Livestock, Rural Development, Fisheries, and Food (SAGARPA) published a notification extending the deadline to comply with Mexico’s organic regulations to October 29, 2016. This extension allows products certified as organic under the USDA’s National Organic Program (NOP) to continue to enter and be sold in Mexico as organic.
On January 1, 2003, the import tariff on U.S. and Canadian apples was eliminated as required under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
Effective June 5, 2018, Mexico imposed a 20 percent tariff on U.S. apples in retaliation for the duties imposed by the United States on steel and aluminum imported from Mexico. It is unclear how long this tariff will remain in place.
The duties on pear imports from Argentina and apple imports from Chile are also zero. Apples imported from other countries are subject to a 20 percent duty.
Mexico also has a 15 percent value added tax (VAT, or IVA in Spanish). The VAT is assessed on the FOB invoice value plus the ad valorem duty.
V. NON-TARIFF BARRIERS
A. Labeling requirements:
Mexico requires that shipping cartons show the following printed information:
1. Name of the product (apple)
2. Importer name, address, and RFC (taxation number)
3. TF (treatment facility) number
All consumer packages of fruit, such as bagged apples, must be labeled in Spanish with the following information:
1. Name of the product;
2. Net weight;
3. Importer’s name, corporate identification and fiscal domicile;
4. Country of origin; and
5. Batch (lot) number.
6. Exporter’s name and address
The information concerning the importer’s name, corporate identification, and fiscal domicile may be placed on the package after it has cleared customs and prior to marketing. The legend, “Not labeled for individual sale” also must appear in Spanish on the package. The information in Spanish must be in lettering of the same size, typographic proportions and must appear in an equally obvious manner as information in other languages.
B. Licenses and quotas:
C. Currency Issues:
D. Pest and plant disease restrictions:
The list below comes from USDA APHIS EXCERPT and indicates the Mexican pest list of quarantine importance. The species marked with an asterisk are found in the fruit production areas of the Pacific Northwest. We believe that we are at low risk of delivering fruit infested with any of these pests. However, if any codling moth is found in the border inspection it could be misidentified as oriental fruit moth. Shipments found to contain pests of quarantine concern will not be allowed to enter Mexico.
Amyelois transitella (naval orangeworm)
Archips argyrospilus (Western fruit-tree leaf roller)* Argyrotaenia citrana (orange tortrix)
Choristaneura rosaceana (oblique banded leaf roller)*
Cydia molesta (Oriental fruit moth)*
Platynota stultana (omnivorous leaf roller) Spectrobates ceratoniae (carob moth)
Trogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)
Apples: Apple shipments to Mexico must comply with the “Work Plan for the Exportation of Apples from the United States to Mexico.” Participating packing facilities in Washington, Oregon, and Idaho must be registered with their respective state departments of agriculture. Apples must be held in cold storage at 0° Celsius for 40 days or at 3.3° Celsius for 90 days prior to shipment. Cold chambers must be certified by the respective state departments of agriculture and approved by the Mexican Export Inspection Office. Cartons must be packed, inspected and shipped in accordance with the work plan.
Those firms interested in exporting apples to Mexico should obtain a copy of the work plan and relevant regulations from their respective industry association, e.g. Northwest Fruit Exporters, or state department of agriculture. The telephone number of the Northwest Fruit Exporters is 509/576-8004.
Pears: A federal phytosanitary certificate is required. Both the state and county of production must be shown on the certificate. The following additional declaration also is required, “The pears in this shipment are free of Cydia molesta (oriental fruit moth) and Conotrachelus nenuphar (plum curculio) and were produced in the states of Oregon, Washington or California. This shipment was not produced in areas regulated (quarantined) for fruit flies of quarantine importance.”
The shipment must be substantially free of leaves and debris. A two leaf per carton tolerance is allowed. The cartons must be marked with a lot number and the address of the grower/packer.
During the certification inspection, the standard of a minimum inspection level of 2 percent, as per APHIS policy, must be maintained. Additionally, of that 2 percent, cutting of a minimum of 2 fruits per box plus any suspect fruit is required.
NOTE: Extra effort should be applied for the detection of larvae.
Apricots: A systems approach work plan was implemented in the spring of 2002 for the export of Pacific Northwest apricots to Mexico. Please contact your state cooperators or the Northwest Horticultural Council for additional information.
E. Other requirements:
Solid Wood Packing Material (SWPM):
Please refer to the SWPM section of the NHC’s Technical Bulletins and Industry Advice.
Mexico requires that the following information be included on the invoice or import documents for apple shipments:
a) The description of the product, as well as the tariff number.
b) Quality grade of the apple.
c) Apple Size.
d) Weight in kilograms of boxes.
Example of above:
Fresh apples, 0808.10.01
WA Exfancy, size 88, boxes of 19.60 kg.
Ports of entry:
Apples are allowed to enter Mexico through the ports of Neuvo Laredo, Mexicali, Tijuana, Ciudad Juarez, Nogales, Ciudad Reynosa, Piedras Negras, Matamoros, and Colombia.
VI. MARKETING REPRESENTATIVES FOR PACIFIC NORTHWEST TREE FRUIT INDUSTRY:
Washington Apple Commission/Northwest Cherry Growers/Washington State Fruit Commission:
Juan Carlos Moreira
Jurica, Querentaro, Mexico
Voice/Fax: +52 442 161 2988
Pear Bureau Northwest:
Grupo PM S.A. de C.V.
Voice: +52 777 316 7370
Fax: +52 777 316 7369
VII. OTHER RESOURCE LINKS:
- The World Factbook (Central Intelligence Agency)
- Mexico (U.S. Commercial Service/Department of Commerce)
- U.S. Embassy
VIII. ADDITIONAL COMMENTS
All products exported to Mexico require a North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) certificate. For detailed information click on NAFTA Certificate of Origin.
Mexican customs requires that all exporters’ invoices and country of origin certificates show the full street address including the city, state and zip code. Do not list a P.O. Box number. If a P.O. Box is used, Mexican Customs may confiscate the product.
Mexican Customs provides exporters a 15 day grace period to correct any minor clerical errors, omissions or missing documentation regarding required paperwork, provided that the errors do not call into question the authenticity of the documents.