Northwest Horticultural Council
Currency: Pound sterling
Official Language(s): English
Please click on the above link for a list of chemical MRLs.
II. CHEMICALS AND ADDITIVE INFORMATION
A. Chemical residue standards:
As a member of the European Union (EU), the United Kingdom applies Maximum Residue Levels (MRLs) as established by the EU as well as setting its own standards for chemicals not registered by the EU.
Regulations relating to MRLs are available online at UK MRLs.
B. Monitoring chemical residues:
The United Kingdom actively monitors pesticide levels.
C. Restrictions on use of waxes:
The European Union (EU) permits the use of white beeswax, yellow beeswax, candelilla wax, carnauba wax and shellac on apples and pears (EC directive 95/2/EC).
Morpholine is not allowed for use as an additive to waxes or other food coatings. There is active enforcement of this prohibition.
III. ORGANIC FRUIT REGULATIONS
All producers and importers must comply with European Commission regulations regarding the production, labeling, certification and control of organic foods. Please refer to the Organic Fruit Regulations section of the European Union page of this manual for more information.
As a member of the European Union (EU), The United Kingdom imposes the EU’s tariff schedule and entry price system on apple, pear and cherry imports. Please refer to the EU chapter for additional information.
V. NON-TARIFF BARRIERS
A. Labeling requirements:
The following information from the Horticultural Marketing Inspectorate (HMI) should be printed on the carton end panel.
1. Identification – The name and address of the packer and/or shipper. HMI indicated that current industry practice of printing the city, state and zip code of the packer and/or shipper is considered a minimum requirement. Industry was urged to also include the street address on the carton.
2. Nature of produce – Product name if the contents are not visible from the outside. The name of the variety is also required for apples and pears. It is optional for cherries.
3. Origin of produce – Country of origin.
4. Commercial specifications – The quality may be indicated by specifying Category 1, Cat. 1, Class 1 or Class I or Category/Cat./Class 2 or II as appropriate. Given the possibility that other EU member countries may interpret the regulation in a different manner the NHC recommends that industry print Class I (or other appropriate Class) on each carton. The size, or for fruit packed in layers the numbers of units, must also be specified.
EU labeling requirements apply. Please refer to the EU chapter for additional information.
B. Licenses and quotas:
EU licensing/quota regulations, if any, apply. Please refer to the EU chapter for additional information.
C. Currency Issues:
D. Pest and plant disease restrictions:
EU member countries are required to inspect 100% of imported consignments of fresh plant products upon arrival unless the consignments qualify for reduced inspection levels.
100% of the pear consignments imported from the U.S. must be inspected.
35% of the U.S. cherry consignments must be inspected. Each EU Member State may inspect between 35 and 100 percent of cherry consignments imported from the U.S.
15% of the U.S. apple consignments must be inspected. Each EU Member State may inspect between 15 and 100 percent of the apple consignments imported from the U.S.
Harmonized EU-wide plant health regulations are in place. Please refer to the EU chapter for specific restrictions which apply to all EU member countries.
E. Other trade restrictions:
Apples, pears and cherries are subject to European Community Marketing Standards. They are required to have a valid certificate of conformity prior to release into trade. The UK has established a system (called PEACH) to enable importers to notify inspection authorities of shipment arrival. More information is available online at: http://ehmipeach.defra.gov.uk
Please refer to the EU chapter for information on solid wood packing material regulations.
VI. MARKETING REPRESENTATIVES FOR PACIFIC NORTHWEST TREE FRUIT INDUSTRY:
Washington Apple Commission:
Northwest Cherry Growers/Washington State Fruit Commission:
Voice: 011 44-1727-862074
Pear Bureau Northwest:
Voice: 011 44-1-483-416136
Fax: 011 44-1-483-426662
VII. OTHER RESOURCE LINKS:
- United Kingdom (U.S. Commercial Service/Department of Commerce)
- The World Factbook (Central Intelligence Agency)
- U.S. Embassy